Most country citizens require a visa to enter Turkey which can be purchased upon arrival at the arrival airports. There are normally two types of tourist visas. A single-entry visa allows you to enter Turkey once. After you leave, no matter how long you've stayed in Turkey, you must pay for another visa to enter Turkey again. A multiple-entry visa allows you to enter & leave Turkey multiple times within its period of validity (normally 30, 60 or 90 days) at no additional charge. To get a multiple-entry visa benefits you to go to the Greek Islands or any other countries and come back to Turkey with no extra charges. If you are arriving overland from Syria, Greece, Bulgaria or with a cruise, most nationalities will be able obtain a Turkish visa at the border or port customs. Please make sure you have cash (US Dollars or Euros) to pay for your visa when you enter Turkey as no travelers cheques or credit cards are accepted, cash only!
Please visit http://www.mfa.gov.tr/visa-fees-at-border-gates-for-2010.en.mfa to get further information about the visa fees.
Turkey is one of the safest countries in the world to travel and its crime rate is low in comparison to many Western European countries. Interpol ranked Turkey as one of the safest holiday destinations in Europe for travelers. Naturally, a person who travels to Turkey should exercise the same precautions that they would elsewhere & be aware of security concerns that affect all international travelers. The Turkish Government take air safety very seriously & maintains strict oversight, particularly on international flights. The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has placed Turkey's civil aviation authority in Category 1, in full compliance with international aviation safety standards in overseeing Turkey's air carrier operations.
The most favorable season to travel to Turkey is between early-April & late-October. During the low-season, temperature is much cooler & snow is possible in mountainous areas. Many visitors enjoy the spring & fall, with their mild weather & small crowds. Coastal regions are particularly popular during the summer. These include resort areas along the Aegean & Mediterranean coast with beaches & yachting facilities. The coastline, especially between Izmir & Antalya, features numerous coves & bays & many nearby ancient cities & is perfect for yachting. Turkey also enjoys many spectacular rivers. They are ideal for canoeing, skiing & rafting. Mountaineering is also popular in mountain ranges throughout Turkey in spring & summer. The high plateaus of the Eastern Black Sea Region are covered by colorful flowers & green pasture during spring & summer. Naturalists will enjoy the diversity of fauna & flora as well as the heart-stopping splendor of the surrounding landscape. Central & Eastern Turkey can receive large accumulations of snow & snow skiing is a favorite winter pastime. Turkey has several ski centers, which are generally open from December through April depending on snow conditions.
There are no vaccination requirements for any international traveler. The World Health Organization web site, www.who.org, provides vaccination certificate requirements by country, geographic distributions of potential health hazards to travelers & information on health risks & their avoidance.
Turkey practices safe sanitation standards & tap water is suitable for bathing & regular tasks such as brushing teeth. However, as is customary in most Mediterranean countries, the majority of locals & visitors drink bottled water. We recommend that visitors follow local custom & drink bottled water, which is routinely served with any meal.
Although Turkey is a secular nation, the predominant religion is Islam. In Cappadocia, the majority of locals dress more on the conservative side – especially in smaller villages, and non-tourism areas. If you will be visiting the open fruit & vegetable markets of Nevsehir, Avanos or Urgup, these markets are mostly non-tourist areas and conservative clothing is recommended. On the coastal areas of Turkey (Antalya, Side, Fethiye, etc) the locals have become more accustomed to tourist wearing beachwear. In Istanbul, as with most major European cities, many locals dress in modern city clothing. Cities such as Konya and anywhere in the Eastern areas of Turkey are still very much conservative in all aspects of daily life. Casual wear is appropriate for most tour excursions. Women wear pants or skirts, but when visiting mosques it is recommended that they cover their heads with a scarf & both sexes should not wear shorts out of respects for religious customs.
Below is some time differences between Turkey and other countries:
Afghanistan - Kabul+2:30 hrs ; Argentina - Buenos Aires-5:0 hrs; Armenia - Yerevan+2:0 hrs; Australia - Canberra +9:0 hrs; Austria - Vienna-1:0 hrs; Azerbaijan - Baku+2:0 hrs; Bangladesh - Dhaka+4:0 hrs ; Belgium - Brussels-1:0 hrs; Bosnia Herzegovina - Sarajevo-1:0 hrs; Brazil - Distrito Federal - Brasilia-5:0 hrs; Bulgaria - Sofia same time ; Canada - Ontario - Ottawa-7:0 hrs; Chile - Santiago* -5:0 hrs; China - Beijing+6:0 hrs; Costa Rica - San Jose (Costa Rica)-8:0 hrs; Croatia - Zagreb-1:0 hrs; Czech Republic - Prague-1:0 hrs; Denmark - Copenhagen-1:0 hrs; Egypt - Cairo same time; Finland - Helsinki same time; France - Paris-1:0 hrs; Georgia - Tbilisi+2:0 hrs; Germany - Berlin - Berlin-1:0 hrs; Greece - Athens same time; Guatemala - Guatemala-8:0 hrs; Hong Kong - Hong Kong+6:0 hrs; Hungary - Budapest-1:0 hrs; India - Delhi - New Delhi+3:30 hrs; Indonesia - Java - Jakarta+5:0 hrs; Israel - Jerusalem same time; Italy - Rome-1:0 hrs; Japan - Tokyo+7:0 hrs; Malaysia - Kuala Lumpur+6:0 hrs; Mexico - Federal District - Mexico City-8:0 hrs; Netherlands - Amsterdam-1:0 hrs; New Zealand - Wellington* +11:0 hrs; Pakistan - Islamabad+3:0 hrs; Poland - Warsaw-1:0 hrs; Portugal - Lisbon-2:0 hrs ; Qatar - Doha+1:0 hrs; Romania - Bucharest same time; Russia - Moscow+2:0 hrs; Singapore - Singapore+6:0 hrs; South Africa - Pretoria same time; South Korea - Seoul+7:0 hrs; Spain - Madrid-1:0 hrs; Sweden - Stockholm-1:0 hrs; Switzerland - Bern-1:0 hrs; Taiwan - Taipei+6:0 hrs; Thailand - Bangkok+5:0 hrs; UAE - Abu Dhabi - Abu Dhabi+2:0 hrs; UK - England - London-2:0 hrs; USA - District of Columbia - Washington DC-7:0 hrs; Vietnam - Hanoi+5:0 hrs
*Time differences may vary according to each country's own time-saving adjustments.
1 inch = 2.54 centimeters , 1 centimeter = 0.3937 inches
1 yard = 0,9144 meters, 1 meter = 1.0936 yards
1 mile = 1,6093 kilometers, 1 kilometer = 0.6214 miles
1 pound = 0,4536 kilograms, 1 kilogram = 2.2046 pounds
1 acres = 0,4047 Hectares, 1 hectare = 2.471 acres
1 UK gallon = 4.546 litres, 1 litre = 0.2199 UK gallons
1 US gallon = 3.8 litres, 1 litre = 0.2643 US gallons